LDS Conference April 1972 – Common Consent, Sustaining vs Non-Opposition

This post is an entry in the ongoing General Conference Odyssey project. My previous contributions can be found here. Posts by other bloggers writing about the April 1972 General Conference today are linked at the end of this post.  You can also visit the project group on Facebook.

Today we are writing about the Thursday Morning Session of the April 1972 Conference.


First, a bit of trivia: As I mentioned in a previous entry,  in the recorded conferences of 1971 through 1976 there were more sessions of conference than the Saturday and Sunday sessions we are accustomed to now. But before today I did not understand why sometimes they held sessions on various weekdays instead of on Friday.

Prior to 1977, the church held three-day conferences. In April conferences,  one of the three days was April 6th (the anniversary of the organization of the church). In 1971 April 6th fell on Tuesday, 1972 on Thursday, 1973 Friday, 1974 Saturday, 1975 Sunday, and 1976 Tuesday. So October Conferences were always Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, as were April Conferences in years where April 6th fell on a Friday, Saturday, or Sunday (1973-1975). But in 1971, 1972, and 1976 the conference was held on April 6th plus Saturday and Sunday. That is why we sometimes have Tuesday or Thursday sessions, like we do in this week’s reading.

The conference report of April 1977 makes particular mention of the move from three-day to two-day conferences under the direction of President Kimball. So there you go.

I’d like to draw particular attention to the talk given during this Thursday Morning Session titled “We Are Called of God” given by Elder Loren C. Dunn, who at the time was a member of the First Council of the Seventy.

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Throughout the church, from individual congregations to the church-wide conferences, it is common for members to be asked to “sustain” individuals who have been called to serve in the church. Members indicate their sustaining vote by raising their hand. They are also given a chance to oppose.

In recent general conferences, we have seen instances of individuals who have expressed opposition to the leadership of the church when given the option to do so.

Elder Dunn provides a reminder that the church does not operate by democratic vote:

Sustaining, however, should not be confused with voting into office.

Joseph Smith made it clear how a person is called to a position in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In the fifth Article of Faith he says: ‘We believe that a man must be called of God, by prophecy, and by the laying on of hands, by those who are in authority to preach the Gospel and administer in the ordinances thereof.’

When we sustain officers, we are given the opportunity of sustaining those whom the Lord has already called by revelation.

[…]

To sustain is to make the action binding on ourselves and to commit ourselves to support those people whom we have sustained. When a person goes through the sacred act of raising his arm to the square, he should remember, with soberness, that which he has done and commence to act in harmony with his sustaining vote both in public and in private.

Sustaining in the church happens so regularly that, for me at least, it can come to feel rather routine and mundane. It does seem to carry more gravity during conferences when we are asked to sustain the president of the church, his counselors, and the twelve apostles as “prophets, seers, and revelators.” But in the regular shuffle of responsibilities and assignments in our congregations, it doesn’t often carry the weight of a “sacred act” which is remembered “with soberness” as Elder Dunn suggests.

It is easy to fall into a perfunctory hand raised merely in non-objection. But non-objection is not what is being asked of us.

Raising our arm to the square to sustain a calling should be an expression of faith– not necessarily faith in the person who was called, but in the authority of those who made the call, and in God who inspires and directs them through the Holy Spirit regarding who should be called. In other words, a sustaining vote is an acknowledgement of the reality of priesthood authority and of revelation. And that really should be a sacred and sober act, whether it is for the prophet, or for someone to play the piano for children in Sunday School.

What about dissenting votes? If sustaining is not like democratic voting then what is the purpose of asking for any opposed?

The current Handbook 2 for the church gives the following direction concerning dissenting votes:

If a member in good standing gives a dissenting vote when someone is presented to be sustained, the presiding officer or another assigned priesthood officer confers with the dissenting member in private after the meeting. The officer determines whether the dissenting vote was based on knowledge that the person who was presented is guilty of conduct that should disqualify him or her from serving in the position.

In other words, dissenting is an opportunity to make authorities aware of information or concerns that they should consider. It is not meant as a venue for opposing either the authority or the revelation of priesthood leaders. Once necessary information or concerns have been communicated, we still seek to sustain their authority and revelation.

Elder Dunn suggests:

If for any reason we have a difficult time sustaining those in office, then we are to go to our local priesthood leaders and discuss the issue with them and seek their help.

Throughout the history of the church, as people have joined they have brought with them ideas and practices from their previous churches or from the cultures and societies they come from. Some of these ideas are compatible and consistent with the restored gospel. But others are foreign and incompatible, and when they are imported into the church they can cause confusion and apostasy.

In our modern, egalitarian societies it is easy to import democratic notions into the church.

Elder Dunn explains that because the church is not democratic, the accountability of the leaders is not to the members. He quotes President Brigham Young who explained:

Had the people gathered together and appointed one of their number to be a prophet, he would have been accountable to the people; but inasmuch as he was called by God, and not the people, he is accountable to God only and the angel who committed the gospel to him, and not to any man on earth. The Twelve are accountable to the prophet, and not the Church, for the course they pursue.

And he extends this principle down to the Bishop of an individual congregation who is therefore “not answerable to the members of his ward, but instead is answerable to the Lord and to those priesthood leaders who preside over him.

Democratic ideas in secular government are generally good and compatible with the gospel in that context, but that is not the way that God has decided to organize and govern his church. So in the context of church government democratic notions can be incompatible and inappropriate. In societies where democratic principles are considered an unqualified good, the fact that the church is not a democracy and that its leaders are not accountable to the members can be difficult for some people. That is why it is essential to gain a testimony of the priesthood authority of the leaders of the church, and that God does lead the church through revelation.

It is interesting that Elder Dunn mentions that by raising our hand to sustain the calling of someone else, we are committing ourselves to act in harmony with that acknowledgment “both in public and in private.” That suggests that our sustaining vote not only binds us to public support, but also to not privately oppose or undermine them. He knows that “there are many in the Church who may not be as attentive to their duties as they might be,” but he reminds us that the fact that they may fall short of their duties does not mean that they haven’t been called of God by revelation. We avoid not only public, but private opposition and undermining, even if an individual falls short, because they were called through revelation, by God who is well aware of their shortcomings.

Elder Dunn suggests that, on the flip side, those who fall short in their calling need to receive reassurance and confirmation that their calling does come through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit:

A calling in the Church is both a personal and a sacred matter, and everyone is entitled to know he or she has been called to act in the name of God in that particular position. Every person in this church has the right to know that he has been called of God. If he does not have that assurance, then I would suggest he give his calling serious, prayerful consideration so that he can receive what he has a right to receive.

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I am thankful to have read the words of Elder Dunn from so many years ago. I do know that God guides his church through revelation, both to his living prophets and apostles, as well as to local leaders. I sustain their authority and know that they are accountable to God. I feel a desire to not simply give a vote of non-opposition, but to sustain the callings of my ward members and neighbors with greater solemnity and commitment.


Other bloggers writing today about the Thursday Morning Session of the April 1972 General Conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Later-day Saints:

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One Response to LDS Conference April 1972 – Common Consent, Sustaining vs Non-Opposition

  1. Elder Dunn visited our mission (Florida Tallahassee 1979-80). He is a masterful teacher. I find it curious that since becoming an adult I can’t think of a single instance in any ward or branch where there has been a talk about the whys and hows of using our right hand/arm in the church. I remember hearing about it often while growing up, which is why it seems so important to me. Our current branch president has the annoying habit of raising his arm in an almost “Heil Hitler” salute when sustaining. He was raised in the church, served a mission, graduated from BYU, etc. but seems to not know some of the most basic things about “the unwritten order of things.” And of course, all the convert members here (rural Iowa) follow his example. Any suggestions? The action of raising our arm to the square shows the sacredness and seriousness of the action as opposed to a simple democratic voting of a person into an office or calling. I’m really thankful for this sharing of the older General Conference talks. The brethren truly were prophetic in their addresses and gives us good reason to listen carefully to today’s General Conference talks and bring our lives into harmony with what the brethren ask of us today. Thanks again for a good post.

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